What is Water Purification and How Does It Work?
The water we drink and use doesn’t originate in its potable state. It must go through several purification stages based on different purification systems and methods. Unlike in the past where water pollution was not such a big concern, today’s life-giving essence is filled with contaminants that must be neutralized.
As unfortunate as it is, water cannot be drunk in its natural state not only because of chemical impurities but because of natural bacterial ones as well. Too many water-borne diseases are likely to be spread even if the source of the water appears to be clean. What’s needed is purification whereby a very large percentage of contaminants is eliminated.
Certain chemicals can remove other chemicals and bacteria in water. Chlorine is an example of a substance that kills germs. Poisonous in large quantities but useful in small amounts it must be precisely measured when purifying water. Other chemicals such as bromine and iodine are used in various situations. More exist and each is chosen depending on how much water must be purified, what the state of the water is and what type of contaminants are present.
While chemical purification works fast, it isn’t entirely safe and there’ve been numerous cases of people suffering at the receiving end. However, they’re sometimes the only option in emergency situations where potable water is needed fast.
Separation divides contaminants from water and kills bacteria. Boiling is an example and a very effective, safe way to make water drinkable. It can kill over 99 percent of living organisms and can vaporize most chemicals. Remaining sediments are made to settle at the bottom.
Aside from boiling, distillation is another effective purification method. It removes most organisms, heavy metals and soluble minerals like calcium that harden water. However, since the boiling point of synthetic chemicals is typically lower than that of water, certain substances like chlorine and VOCs aren’t eliminated. The process is also slow so emergency situations don’t benefit.
Filtration is an age-old method like boiling and one which has the capacity to be extremely useful in purifying water. Consider charcoal which is terrific at removing chemicals. Or diatomaceous earth which can trap tiny suspended particles. Reverse osmosis, a well-known method, is also a filtration system as it uses porous membranes to remove minerals and particles.
Filtration is highly useful for eliminating suspended particles and certain chemicals. However, since bacteria is best removed through boiling, what can be done is to combine the two systems or more if necessary. As time-consuming as this appears to be, consumers will find all-in-one purifiers for an affordable rate. It’s also possible to create filters with the right know-how and tools.
Bacteria is not the biggest of problems in unpurified water. Poisoning (lead, for instance) is far more dangerous because the long-term effects are terrible. Since water is used for a range of applications it must be made drinkable and usable without fear of being introduced with bacteria or dangerous chemicals and elements.
The earth has only 2.5 percent of freshwater. Not all of it can be accessed and not all of it is potable. That leaves us with less than one percent of freshwater which must be made drinkable. Purification systems are, therefore, vital to ensuring the water we consume is drink-worthy.
Water wells may give you water 24 hours a day but the quality of the water can still leave you high and dry. To get portable water, look for a professional water solutions firm providing quality water softener treatment filtration in Florida. To know more about water softening or filtration devices, visit our water treatment page and get started today!!!